Diabetes is one of the most serious ailments that calls for proper lifestyle and aftercare in order to be kept under control. Yes, it is true that it usually takes some work to tame the bull named diabetes but the results are worth it.

This is one ailment that you just cannot ignore. If you don’t make the effort to handle it in the right way then you can set yourself up for a lot of diabetes complications. Diabetes can wreak havoc on almost every organ of the body. The parts that can get affected by diabetes may include the following:

  • Eyes.
  • Teeth and Gums.
  • Heart and Blood Vessels.
  • Nerves.
  • Kidneys.

You can prevent these from occurring by going for regular blood tests and check-ups. By keeping the diabetes in check you can prevent or keep in check all these complications. So have a look at the consequences that you are prone to if you have diabetes. Here are some of the most common health risks associated with diabetes.

Eyes 

Diabetes plays a major role in causing vision loss among adults aged between the age of 20 and 74 years. Eye problems can be caused because of it that can lead to blindness if not treated in the right way. The issues like Cataract, Glaucoma as well as Diabetic Retinopathy that involve small blood vessels present in the eyes can also be caused by diabetes.

Symptoms –
You may experience problems in vision or sudden loss of vision.

However, the regular eye exams and the timely treatment of this kind of an issue are able to prevent majority of these problems from cropping up.

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Teeth and Gums

You are at a higher risk for gum diseases if you have diabetes.

Symptoms
Your gums can be swollen and red and can easily bleed.

But there is nothing to get disheartened about. If you keep the blood sugar level under control and take care of your teeth on a regular basis by brushing, flossing and cleaning your mouth by rinsing with antiseptic mouthwash then you can avoid tooth loss and gum problems.

Heart and Blood Vessels

Blood vessel and heart diseases happen to be a very common problem for many people who don’t have their diabetes under control. They are, at least, twice more prone to heart diseases as well as strokes than their non-diabetic counterparts.
Nerve or blood vessel damage can lead to problems in the foot that, though rarely, can lead to amputations. Diabetics are more prone to have their feet and legs removed than those without the ailment.

Symptoms
Prior to getting a stroke or heart attack you will get many types of warning signs like issues in the large blood vessels present in the leg leading to cramps, changes in the color of the skin as well as less sensation in the area.

Once you start controlling your diabetes problem, then you can prevent these issues from occurring or stop them from worsening if you already have these symptoms.

Nerves

The high blood sugar levels can harm the nerves over time. At least, 70 percent of the diabetics can suffer from this issue.

Autonomic Neuropathy
The nerves that control your internal organs get damaged, in this case. The symptoms may include digestive issues (a condition called gastroparesis), sexual problems, dizziness, fainting, trouble sensing whether your bladder is full or not knowing or unable to know when the blood sugar level is low.

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Peripheral Diabetic Neuropathy
This can cause a burning, pain or loss of sensation in your foot. It starts with the toes. It can also affect other parts of the body as well as your hands. You may have many options for treating your pain. The doctor may prescribe you medications that stop seizures known as anticonvulsant. They can also suggest anti-depressants to treat the condition. The drugs that go on your skin like patches or creams can also be prescribed by your doctor. He may suggest you to use a device that can stimulate the nerves.

Kidneys

Almost half of the cases of kidney failures have diabetes as the leading cause for them.

Symptoms
With the early diabetes related cases, you don’t notice any symptoms but in other cases it can make the feet and the legs swell.

The best part is that the drugs that lower the blood pressure can reduce the kidney failure risk by almost 32 percent and over.

Apart from the ones mentioned the gastrointestinal tract can also get affected by diabetes. That is why it is vital that you internalise a disciplined lifestyle and keep the regular check on your blood glucose level with the quality glucometer strips so that you can take the right precautions at the right time so that you can lead a healthy life.

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